What is Job Scheduling Software?

What is Job Scheduling and why is it so important to businesses and IT?

This article about job scheduling software discusses the importance of a job scheduler solution to businesses and IT organizations within an enterprise. Both questions, “What is job scheduling?” and “What is the history of job schedulers?” will be touched upon. Key differences and approaches to job scheduling will also be discussed.

Job Scheduling has been a critical element of the IT infrastructure for many years. Historically job scheduling has been referred to as ‘batch processing’, ‘process scheduling’, ‘background processing’ and, more recently, ‘business process automation’ and ‘IT workload automation’.

The most important role of a job scheduling solution, or job scheduler, is to automate the management of IT tasks (jobs) that perform a specific type of job function. There are multiple business processes and tasks managed by a job scheduling solution. The most likely examples of processes that companies automate include: invoicing, payroll, updating account information, financial period-end close, and inventory updates. In most cases, the submission of the underlying IT tasks for any business process can typically be improved by a job scheduler.

What makes one job scheduler different from another?

The most basic form of job scheduling is a date and time based approach. A simple example would be to start process X at midnight every Saturday. This method proved to be sufficient for many years, as most businesses had a period during the day when all online activity was shut down. Batch processing and scheduling could be performed during the overnight period.

Today’s globally connected economy demands 24/7 availability of systems. The window for batch processing has shrunk or disappeared altogether. Performing process and job scheduling activity exclusively on a date and time basis no longer meets the needs of a modern IT business infrastructure. A good number of job schedulers have not adapted to these new business demands.

An event-driven approach to job scheduling was pioneered to adapt to these new business demands. Event-driven job scheduling and business process automation that uses intelligent rules was introduced to ensure that batch processing is controlled and submitted under the correct business conditions, irrespective of time and date boundaries.

Building on the concept of events to chain job schedules together, successful programs have been developed to deliver a unique approach to job scheduling that supports the most demanding business environments. This software for workload automation has proved to be reliable, efficient to maximum benefit.

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